Wanda Mound, a tumulus located in Nowa Huta, is assumed to be the resting place of the legendary princess Wanda. According to one version of the story, she committed suicide by drowning in the Vistula River to avoid unwanted marriage. The mound is located close to the spot on the river bank where her body was supposedly found.
The mound is some 50 metres in diameter at the base and 14 metres high. Unlike other three mounds in Krakow, this one is not located on a natural hill.
Archaeological studies, conducted on site in 1913 and in mid 1960s, did not provide any conclusive evidence of the mound’s age and purpose. The first written record of the mound comes from the 13th century. In 1860 it became a part of Austro-Hungarian fortifications, pulled down only in 1968-1970.
In 1890 a monument designed by Jan Matejko was erected at the top of the tumulus: an eagle on a plinth decorated with a relief of a sword and a distaff, and the inscription ‘Wanda’.